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  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3284 (2015-12-30)
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  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3298 (2015-12-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3300 (2015-12-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3303 (2015-12-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3316 (2015-12-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3322 (2015-12-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3324 (2015-12-30)
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  • Mandela is dead: Why hide the truth about Apartheid? | Cubadebate (English)
    to approximately 1 500 kilometers away from Luanda They were returning from there pursued by South African troops en route to Cuito Cuanavale a former NATO military base located some 100 kilometers away from where a Cuban Tank Brigade was stationed At such a critical point the President of Angola requested the support of Cuban troops The commander of our troops in the South General Leopoldo Cintra Frías sent us the request as usual Our firm reply was that we would provide such support provided that all Angolan troops and equipment would be under the Cuban command in South Angola Everybody understood that our request was a requirement to turn the former base into the ideal battle field to hit the racist South African forces There was a positive response from Angola in less than 24 hours It was decided that a Cuban Tank Brigade would be immediately sent there Several other were in the same line towards the West The main obstacle was the mud and humidity due to the rainy season and the fact that every stretch of land had to be checked for anti personnel mines The military personnel to operate the tanks and guns without crew were also sent to Cuito To the East the base was separated from the territory by the large and fast flowing Cuito River over which there was a solid bridge under the frantic attack of the racist army A radio controlled airplane full of explosives was hit brought down on the bridge and put out of action The retreating Angolan tanks still moving were crossed more to the North Those that were not in good conditions were buried with their weapons facing East a thick strip of anti personnel and anti tank mines turned the line into a mortal trap on the other side of the river When the racist troops renewed their advance and ran into that defensive wall the artillery and tanks of the revolutionary brigades came down on them shooting from their positions in the Cuito area The Mig 23 fighters had a special role to play Flying at a speed of almost 1 000 kilometers per hour and 100 one hundred meters altitude they were able to distinguish if the artillery personnel was black or white and began firing relentlessly against them When the battered and immobilized enemy began to withdraw the revolutionary forces began to get ready for the final combats Numerous Angolan and Cuban brigades began moving quickly and keeping proper distance to the West towards the only wide routes from which South Africans always began their military actions against Angola The airport however was approximately 300 three hundred kilometers from the border with Namibia which was totally occupied by the Apartheid army While troops reorganized and rearmed the urgent decision to build a runway for the Mig 23 was made Our pilots were using the aircraft equipment provided by the USSR to Angola whose pilots had lacked the time for a proper training Several aircrafts were inoperative sometimes due to the action of our own artillerymen or anti aircraft weapon operators South Africans still occupied part of the main road going from the border of the Angolan plateau to Namibia They began shooting from the bridges over the wide Cunene River located between Southern Angola and Northern Namibia with their 140 millimeter guns giving their projectiles a range of about 40 kilometers The main problem was that the racist South Africans had according to our estimates 10 to 12 nuclear weapons They had even tested them in the frozen areas or seas to the South President Ronald Reagan had authorized such tests and the device for blasting the nuclear charge was among the equipment delivered by Israel Our response was to organize the troops in combat groups of no more than 1 000 men who would have to advance equipped with anti aircraft tanks throughout an extensive territory at night According to reliable sources South African nuclear weapons could not be transported by Mirage planes heavy Canberra type bombers were required instead In any case our forces air defense had many different types of missiles that could hit and destroy air targets located dozens of kilometers away from our troops In addition a dam with 80 million cubic meters of water located in Angolan territory had been occupied and mined by Cuban and Angolan fighters The explosion of that dam would have been tantamount to the explosion of several nuclear weapons Nonetheless a hydroelectric plant using the strong current of the Cunene River before reaching the Namibian border was being used by a South African army detachment When the racist began shooting with their 140 millimeter guns in this new theater of operations the detachment of white soldiers was strongly hit by the Mig 23 and the survivors fled the place leaving some posters criticizing their high command That was the situation when Cuban and Angolan troops marched over the enemy lines I learned that Katiuska Blanco the author of some historical accounts together with other reporters and press photographers were there It was a tense situation but everybody kept cool It was then that we got the news that the enemy was willing to negotiate We had succeeded in stopping the imperialist and racist adventure in a continent where in 30 years time the population will exceed that of China and India together The role of the Cuban delegation on the occasion of the demise of our brother and friend Nelson Mandela will be unforgettable I congratulate comrade Raul for his brilliant performance and particularly for his strength of character and dignity when in a kind but firm gesture greeted the United States Head of Government and told him in English Mr President I m Castro When my health imposed limits to my physical capacity I did not hesitate in expressing my criteria on who in my view could assume the responsibility A life is a minute in the history of the

    Original URL path: http://en.cubadebate.cu/reflections-fidel/2013/12/23/mandela-is-dead-why-hide-truth-about-apartheid/?replytocom=3363 (2015-12-30)
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